In recent years, the Arab region witnessed popular movements demanding freedom and equality for all citizens without discrimination. But political developments have led to the strengthening of ethnic, religious, or racial identities at the expense of citizenship. And in countries including Iraq, Syria, Libya, and Yemen, these strengthened identities have led to armed confrontation. Is a state built on the principle of citizenship still possible? 

Carnegie Middle East Center, in cooperation with the Arab Forum for Alternatives and the Hivos Foundation, hosted a two-day conference that brought together Arab researchers and experts to discuss the conditions of citizenship in Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Libya, and Morocco. These experts also debated the future of states based on citizenship in the Arab region. The event launched the book Citizenship and Social Constituency in the Arab World (Rawafed, 2015). 


Day 1 November 16, 2015

9:45 to 10:00 a.m.
Welcome and Introduction: Maha Yahya

10:00 a.m. to 12:00p.m.
Book Launch “Citizenship and Social Constituency”
Mohamed Elagati, Fawwaz Traboulsi
Moderator: Doreen Khoury

12:00 to 12:30 p.m. 
Coffee Break

12:30 to 2:00 p.m.
Citizenship and Social Diversity in the Mashreq and Maghreb
Youssef Laaraj, Saad Salloum
Moderator: Gameel Matar

2:00 to 3:00 p.m.
Lunch Break

Day 2 November 17, 2015

10:00 to 11:30 a.m.
Citizenship and Social Classes
Georges Fahmi, Sabah Al-Hallak
Moderator: Oussama Safa 

11:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m
Coffee Break

12:30 to 1:30 pm
Pluralism and Political Mobilization
Walid Haddouk, Heba Raouf Ezzat
Moderator: Kawa Hassan


Sabah Al-Hallak

Sabah Al-Hallak is a researcher on women’s issues and a member of the Syrian Women’s Association and the Syrian Association for Women Citizens. 

Mohamed Elagati

Mohamed Elagati is the executive director of the Arab Forum for Alternatives. 

Georges Fahmi

Georges Fahmi is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Middle East Center.

Walid Haddouk

Walid Haddouk is a Tunisian political researcher and writer.

Kawa Hassan

Kawa Hassan is director of the Middle East North Africa Program at the EastWest Institute and a nonresident scholar at Carnegie Middle East Center.

Doreen Khoury

Doreen Khoury is Middle East Liaison at Hivos International.

Youssef Laaraj

Youssef Laaraj is a researcher in Amazigh affairs.

Gameel Matar 

Gameel Matar is an Egyptian thinker and writer who focuses on reform and democratization issues.

Heba Raouf Ezzat

Heba Raouf Ezzat is assistant professor of political science and deputy director of the Center for Humanities and Interdisciplinary Studies at Cairo University.

Oussama Safa

Oussama Safa is section chief of Participation and Social Justice, Social Development Division, UN-ESCWA.

Saad Salloum

Saad Salloum is the director the research department in the College of Political Sciences of Mustansiriya University. 

Fawwaz Traboulsi

Fawwaz Traboulsi is a Lebanese historian, writer, activist, researcher, and political analyst.

Maha Yahya

Maha Yahya is a senior associate at Carnegie Middle East Center.