Russia and Iran are now trapped in a situation of mutual dependence where both stand to lose if the pact between Moscow, Tehran, and Damascus should fall apart.
Russia’s September 2015 aerial intervention in Syria would not have succeeded without a parallel Iranian intervention on the ground.
If negotiations fail to overcome the divide between rebel factions, the East Ghouta may be heading for a permanent internal split.
Tensions among rebel groups in Syria’s East Ghouta threaten to destabilize the enclave and perhaps even the broader Syrian rebellion.
Rebels in Syria’s East Ghouta enclave have established a unique system of coordination and governance under the auspices of one of Syria’s most powerful rebel factions.
The rapid depreciation of the Syrian pound has caused a further decline in the living standards of ordinary Syrians and threatens the continued functioning of what remains of the state.
President Bashar al-Assad’s advance into Palmyra has redrawn Syria’s military battlefield and may accelerate a shift in the political landscape of the conflict as well.
Five years into the conflict, a credible path toward peace has yet to emerge in Syria.
Russia’s announcement of its withdrawal from Syria has surprised the international community and raised questions about the underlying calculations of the decision and the effect it may have on Syria’s future.
Choices in peacemaking terminology are often based on subtle differences and the political circumstances of various parties, particularly in the Syrian conflict.
A tenuous ceasefire has taken hold in Syria, but allegations of breaches, disparate motivations of outside actors, and local politics among rebel groups have already imperiled the agreement.
Although progress has been made toward a ceasefire in Syria, the road to a lasting solutions remains fraught with challenges.
While the Geneva III peace talks have been postponed, there is still hope that they will produce a framework for conflict management and the mitigation of Syrians’ horrific suffering.
Four months of relentless Russian bombardment and offensives by the government of Bashar al-Assad and its Shia allies seem to have left the Syrian opposition exhausted.
Aron Lund, Editor of Syria in Crisis, looks back on events in Syria in 2015 through the site’s most popular posts.
Recent strategic victories by the Kurds over the self-proclaimed Islamic State have bolstered prospects for continued Kurdish expansion.
As 2016 approaches, four experts examine how Syria’s economy has been affected by the war and how it might evolve in the coming year.
Russia’s intervention may alter the course of the war in Syria or contribute to the slow and painful death of the country.
The recent Syrian opposition conference in Riyadh has been met with cautious optimism, but questions remain about the role of a powerful Islamist group and Syria's Kurds.
With three Syrian opposition conferences underway at once, the most important one takes place in Riyadh where failure could prove disastrous and success could be a real step toward a political process.