Arab militaries have been instrumental for the development of democracy in some countries, but have upheld dictatorial regimes in others.
The Peshmerga forces, divided between the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, must unify to increase its effectiveness in the coming years.
Five years after the outbreak of the Arab Spring, the uprisings have failed to fulfill the people’s aspirations for democracy, freedom, and social justice.
In celebration of the Carnegie Middle East Center’s tenth anniversary, Carnegie-affiliated scholars and regional policymakers will discuss and evaluate political transformations in the Middle East and North Africa.
Until the Arab uprisings of 2011, Salafist movements in the Arab world have mostly refrained from political participation. Today, however, the scenario has changed.
The popular movements that swept through the Arab world in the past four years have sparked widespread debates on what it means to be a citizen in the region.
As the Syrian crisis enters its fourth year, the situation continues to become more difficult for refugees, host communities, and donors. Among Syrian refugees, youth are one of the most critically affected groups.
The Carnegie Middle East Center welcomed Amr Hamzawy and Hazem al-Amin to examine the challenges facing democracy, development, and security in Egypt and the Levant region during the last four years.
One hundred years later, the issue of the Armenian Genocide still remains a contentious issue between Armenia and Turkey.
Modern jihadist organizations have taken advantage of continued instability to make themselves into territorialized organizations which frequently cross established state borders, such as the Islamic State.