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While the differences between Rouhani and Raisi are meaningful, and the competition between them is genuine, four decades of Iranian presidential elections have had little impact on Iran’s major domestic and foreign policies.
The closing of civic space has become a defining feature of political life in an ever-increasing number of countries.
The Saudi Aramco IPO offers a unique opportunity for climate-based transparency. Yet, despite having some of the cleanest oils, transparency is unlikely without pressure from investors and exchanges.
The official Muslim religious establishments in Arab countries give governments a major role in religious life, but these institutions are rarely mere regime mouthpieces and can be difficult to steer in a particular direction.
Development does not co-exist naturally with free market policies, as many ardent liberalists assert, nor is it a process that is inevitable or prescribed.
Following the Arab uprisings, the Algerian regime exhibited a remarkable degree of stability and continuity as it adapted to the new local, regional and international realities.
Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) remains divisive, poorly understood, and plagued by internal divisions, as it is both recognized by the state and at the behest of nonstate leadership figures. Key challenges involving the PMF will shape Iraq’s political and security future.
Algeria is facing many challenges however the major issues are socio-economic.
The common thread in U.S. strategy toward Iran, Syria, and North Korea isn’t changing these regimes so much as it is trying to change their behavior. More than likely, they will all remain hostile to U.S. interests.
Although the new state of emergency affords Egypt’s rulers broader powers, the measure is not primarily about law, but about communicating to Egyptian society—especially its sprawling state apparatus—to get on board with the new regime.