Incidents involving Iran have been among the most sophisticated, costly, and consequential attacks in the history of the internet.
The closing of civic space has become a defining feature of political life in an ever-increasing number of countries.
The covert history of Iran’s nuclear program is marked by enormous financial costs, unpredictable risks, and unclear motivations.
Although Iran and Russia have substantial economic and military ties, Moscow is increasingly wary of Tehran’s growing nuclear ambitions, which have the potential to threaten Russia.
President Obama has placed a greater emphasis on the need for a regional approach to Afghanistan. Leading experts analyze what a regional strategy would mean in practice through the eyes of key states, including Russia, Iran, Pakistan, and India, and what it could mean for U.S. policy.
By the beginning of the twenty-first century, Russia had recovered from its domestic crisis, and so had its global ambitions. While Moscow’s principal interests still lie mostly toward the West, the Middle East is back on Moscow’s radar screen and Russia’s withdrawal from the region has been reversed.
A multi-decade survey of Moroccan manufacturing firms reveals the rationale behind their financial choices and provides the basis for an assessment of the severity of the financial constraints they face.
Researchers' enthusiasm for estimating industry oligopoly power in developing countries is often hampered by a lack of available data. Using firm optimizing behavior can help solve this problem.
There is perhaps no leader in the world more important to current world affairs but less known and understood than Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran. In a unique and timely new study Carnegie’s Karim Sadjadpour presents an in-depth political profile of Khamenei based on a careful reading of three decades' worth of his writings and speeches.
Confrontational U.S. policy that tried to create a “New Middle East,” but ignored the realities of the region has instead exacerbated existing conflicts and created new problems. To restore its credibility and promote positive transformation, the United States needs to abandon the illusion that it can reshape the region to suit its interests.