A massive deterioration of the rule of law in Turkey is making a political alliance with the EU impossible, but cooperation must continue. Supporting the country’s resilient democrats is a major political task for Brussels.
State control of Algeria’s religious sphere is robust, yet it has recently been challenged by the upsurge in violent ideologies in the Maghreb region and beyond.
No longer confined to homeland states, Shia politics is being advocated, reinforced, and supported by diasporic transnational networks.
Iran boasts that its foreign policy is driven by fighting injustice rather than furthering the state’s economic interests. This may restrain possibilities for reform.
As one of the region’s largest countries, Iran has sought to fill the power vacuums after the U.S.-led invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, coupled with ongoing Arab upheavals.
Some Yemeni tribes regard the Houthis as a bigger threat than al-Qaeda. But as the war drags on, the tribes’ ability to push both groups out of Bayda governorate diminishes.
The recent arrests of several Saudi political figures reinforce long-standing trends toward heightened centralization and more restive public discourse in the kingdom.
The Kamour sit-in’s self-sufficient organization, open participatory style, mostly peaceful tactics, and realistic demands—along with the government’s understanding and relative openness to dialogue—is a model that barely exists in other Arab countries.
The link between conflict and democracy in Turkey casts doubt on the assumption of a natural relationship between conflict resolution and democratic improvements.
Despite their divergent paths after the 2010–2011 uprisings, Egypt and Tunisia are today facing similar economic challenges.
Moscow’s relations with Tehran are currently much more cooperative than competitive, although the two countries’ foreign policy goals don’t always align.
The shortcomings that characterized Egypt’s economy before the 2011 uprising remain in place. Until they are addressed, renewed political volatility remains possible.
Incremental practical steps and confidence-building measures offer the best hope for progress toward the creation of a weapons of mass destruction–free zone in the Middle East.
In anticipation of the eventual power vacuum in Mosul, Kurdish forces have begun to plan for what comes next in the city, only an hour’s drive from Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan’s capital.
A new layer of ambitious small and midsize powers is emerging in the Middle East, representing a structural shift in the regional order and an opportunity for European diplomacy.
Algeria might be more stable because of Bouteflika’s policies, but it still faces significant domestic and regional challenges.
Strategic spending has long helped the Algerian government placate its citizens and maintain fragile stability. But deteriorating finances could jeopardize that approach.
As a number of countries in the Middle East and North Africa seek to meet their growing energy needs, they are forced to weigh the highly contested costs and benefits of nuclear power.
The Egyptian president’s central role in economic policy making is unlikely to deliver on the intended goals and could exacerbate existing problems—or generate new ones.
Peaceful Salafi political parties are losing strength in Egypt and Tunisia while the popularity of Salafi-jihadi movements aiming to build an Islamic state by force is increasing.