Some religious institutions have gained influence since the Syrian uprising began. Yet they have paid a price, as the regime has used them to advance its own interests.
The process of reintegrating militias or rebels into the regime forces needs to happen as part of an integrated national program of rehabilitation.
Seventy years since the UN affirmed the right of return for Palestinian refugees, Middle East peace is further away than ever. The Trump administration’s new plan is unlikely to help.
For Tunisians, the revolution was not about democracy. It was first and foremost about improving their daily lives. And, in this case, the government is failing to deliver.
The Iraqi Islamic Party has demonstrated resilience over the last fifteen years, but unless it can increase its popularity, it is unlikely to regain a meaningful role in governing Iraq.
Hezbollah will be hard-pressed to balance its regional role with the growing socioeconomic demands of Lebanese voters.
A lasting solution to insecurity on the Tunisia-Libya border will require a broad socioeconomic approach that includes pursuing alternative development opportunities and tackling corruption.
Both Hamas and Hezbollah have taken a flexible approach to maintaining their political influence. This has allowed them to weather the ups and downs of their relationship in recent years.
The nature of the conflict in Tunisia’s northwest differs from the country’s other security challenges in that it mirrors an insurgency rather than a protracted terrorist campaign.
Whatever the outcome of Turkey’s June 24 elections, a new presidential system will come into effect and the foreign policy, economic, and social ramifications will be significant.
Gulf-based Salafi financiers have had a diminished role in the Syrian civil war recently, but their influence will linger in the country's religious sphere.
Muqtada al-Sadr, a prominent Shia cleric, may shed light on the country's future with his next steps.
The Salafi Community has established a strong presence in state institutions while also expanding its transnational linkages.
While other Palestinian institutions are in crisis, Hamas has maintained its integrity and survived political turmoil. But to capitalize on this, it will need to revise its strategy.
European donors should persist with a localist approach in Syria, but efforts should generate an inclusive notion of democratic citizenship rather than just support the liberal-moderate opposition.
A massive deterioration of the rule of law in Turkey is making a political alliance with the EU impossible, but cooperation must continue. Supporting the country’s resilient democrats is a major political task for Brussels.
State control of Algeria’s religious sphere is robust, yet it has recently been challenged by the upsurge in violent ideologies in the Maghreb region and beyond.
No longer confined to homeland states, Shia politics is being advocated, reinforced, and supported by diasporic transnational networks.
Iran boasts that its foreign policy is driven by fighting injustice rather than furthering the state’s economic interests. This may restrain possibilities for reform.
As one of the region’s largest countries, Iran has sought to fill the power vacuums after the U.S.-led invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, coupled with ongoing Arab upheavals.