Russia is pressing for a political solution in Syria but it will have to push Assad harder to accept it.
There may be more continuity than change in Trump’s approach to the Middle East than his campaign rhetoric would suggest.
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani helped Ayatollah Ali Khamenei ascend to the supreme leadership of Iran and spent the next three decades trying, unsuccessfully, to wrestle power back from the man he enthroned.
The biggest developments in Syria in 2016.
If the ceasefire brokered by Russia and Turkey holds, it will be welcomed by most people in Syria - but the odds seem stacked against it.
With the 7th conference, Fateh’s mutation from national liberation movement into a party whose primary purpose is institutionalizing its hold on power became complete.
Following infighting during the spring of 2016, the Eastern Ghouta has been split and Assad is now moving to recapture it.
Despite several setbacks across the Middle East, Islamist parties have adapted in diverse ways to the new political environments.
Lebanon has embarked on the path of developing an oil and gas sector at a time of increasingly vociferous calls for transparency in the sector worldwide.
Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court struck down a portion of the country’s protest law this week. While that may have long-term significance, the ruling is likely to have little short-term effect.
Egypt’s generals have constantly employed repressive tools to instill fear among the population in order to stifle free expression and peaceful opposition.
The arrival of Russian air and naval reinforcements in the Eastern Mediterranean heralds a new military escalation in Aleppo.
Iran has some of the world’s largest oil and gas fields and its oil sector is, once again, occupying centre stage in the global media
The violence sweeping across the Arab world isn't a consequence of the Arab Spring, but of decades of dictatorship.
Lebanon has been trying hard to join the club of oil and gas producers but a combination of factors dominated by domestic political infighting have always meant that ambition falls well short of reality.
The new US president needs to shift American policy towards the Middle East from a predominantly security perspective focused on the fight against ISIS to one that engages with larger socioeconomic triggers for instability.
The time for American created transformational diplomacy in the Middle East has long passed.
For the Assad regime, the strategic aim of continued violence is to secure the economic and financial assets it will need in order to survive the transition from war to peace.
The collapse of U.S.-Russian diplomacy and the escalating violence in Aleppo have once again opened the floodgates for ideas on how to intervene in Syria.
As violence grips Eastern Aleppo, few opportunities for peace and humanitarian assistance appear viable.