Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei is one of the most important leaders in world affairs and understanding his comprehensive control over politics, economics, and society in Iran is critical to any discussion of the future of the Islamic Republic.
International tension over Iran’s nuclear ambitions has turned the nuclear program into a major domestic political issue and has caused conflict between the regime and conservatives as well as the opposition.
While Turkey and Iran share geography, culture, religion, and a long history of conflict and cooperation, they also symbolize two opposite poles in the Islamic world.
Debate within the Muslim Brotherhood has centered on how and if political participation can advance the Brotherhood’s broader agenda in Egypt’s shifting political environment.
Rising tensions between the Turkish government and the country’s Kurdish minority influence every aspect of political and cultural life in the country and threaten U.S. interests in the entire region.
The 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq profoundly changed the politics of the Middle East, leading to an increase in Sunni-Shiite tension across the region and providing an opportunity for both Iran and Turkey to spread their influence and take a stronger role in regional relations.
The current regimes in the Arab world are resisting democratic change because of firm security measures maintaining the status quo and ineffective, incapable, and insular opposition movements.
Cutting aid to the Lebanese army is counter to U.S. interests and could result in a weakening of the Lebanese government and military, empower Hezbollah and strengthen Syrian and Iranian influence in Lebanon.
Aside from the improbability and imprudence of a U.S. attack on Iran, it would also be a major political misstep for the Obama administration.
This article discusses xenophobic attitudes in the Arab world, which were evident throughout the celebration of the results achieved by the German national team at the World Cup. It also calls for an honest self assessment and for a serious review of the wrong readings of the other.
Despite the Muslim Brotherhood's original reluctance to embrace political participation, the organization’s parliamentary representation has grown exponentially in recent assemblies, and its participation in politics has grown in tandem.
While areas of cooperation between Egypt and Turkey are numerous, Egypt has not entirely reconciled itself to Ankara’s larger ambitions in the Middle East.
Morocco has made impressive headway reducing poverty over the last decade. It remains far from a perfect model, but policy makers in other Arab countries can learn from its success.
The possibility that Lebanon might benefit from exploiting massive off-shore natural resources in the eastern Mediterranean has provoked a debate about establishing a sovereign wealth fund to manage the accumulated revenues.
The uneasy yet robust energy supply and demand relationship linking the industrialized economies of the West and the oil producers of the Gulf region may be changing as both parties seek to distance themselves from what they perceive as an unhealthy dependence on oil.
Egypt has changed significantly in the past decades, as spheres of public activity that once were off limits -- free media and civil society advocacy -- have become legitimate in the eyes of the government, and even more important, in the eyes of Egyptian citizens.
Regional and international developments suggest that the challenges facing Hezbollah are mounting, but Hezbollah is not likely to relinquish its power without a fight.
The crisis in the eurozone may prove a blessing in disguise for Turkey, given its strong economic performance over the past years, and could even revitalize Turkey’s prospects for membership in the European Union.
Fully engaging with and understanding Turkey is of critical importance for the United States, and blaming the European Union's continued reluctance to accept Turkey into its ranks oversimplifies the situation and could lead to unintended consequences.
The West should not restrict its democracy promotion efforts only to those countries that are perceived as already having the institutional, social, and economic framework needed for a true democracy.