Politics in the Middle East are polarized and fragmented. The Arab Spring’s citizen-led spirit of reform is still alive, but societies are torn apart by bitter tensions.
Mubarak’s overthrow ushered in more of the same in Egypt—an authoritarian political process. The Egyptian state needs to be completely reinvented.
To truly move Tunisia forward, Islamist and secular forces must address the country’s socioeconomic problems that breed unrest and angry radicals.
Iran’s new president has paved the way for improved relations with the West. Now, the West must determine whether Iran’s changed rhetoric signals the start of a new direction.
A decade after Saddam Hussein’s fall, Iraq still lacks a centralized foreign policy. Until Baghdad resolves the issues polarizing the country, Iraqi foreign policy will remain disjointed and incoherent.
Egypt’s outdated laws and authoritarian institutions have fueled violence and discrimination against the Egyptian Orthodox Christian community.
With revolutions across the Arab world, Russia’s chances for strengthening its position in the region look increasingly slim. The Kremlin must change course and ensure that its approach to the Middle East and Islamists reflects post–Arab Spring realities.
What is at stake in Turkey is the issue of fundamental freedoms in the daily life of Turkish citizens and the limits on an elected government’s way to exercise authority.
The private sector and the government, in collaboration with civil society organizations, must work together to avert an economic crisis and promote growth, stability, and the consolidation of democracy in Egypt.
To achieve lasting peace in Saudi Arabia’s restive Eastern Province, the regime must address the deep-rooted sectarian, political, and socioeconomic drivers of dissent.
Despite paying lip service to reform, many Arab nations’ education programs fail to prepare students to become contributing members of open, pluralistic systems.
The Muslim Brotherhood’s success in the next stage of the Syrian revolution depends on its ability to address significant challenges on the ground.
The fall of the Qaddafi regime liberated Libyan journalists from their role as publishers of state propaganda, but Libya’s media industry is by no means free.
Algeria’s scheme to help hold off social unrest by redistributing substantial oil wealth cannot be sustained indefinitely. The regime must reform or face collapse.
Egypt’s Islamic forces, including the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafis, are being reshaped in profound, unpredictable ways by their growing involvement in politics.
The solution to the Syrian crisis lies in building a state within rebel-held territory that can replace the regime in Damascus.
The Syrian National Coalition claims to be the official representative of civilian and rebel groups. However, it must empower the grassroots structures and engage political constituencies and state institutions to effectively lead the country.
During his second term, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki emerged as a dominant player in Iraq’s political landscape, but his struggle to consolidate power has created a climate of continuous political crisis in the country.
A new Russian-Western approach to Syria is necessary to stop the bloodshed and help create a transitional authority in Damascus that can foster national reconciliation.
Bahrain is a crucial test of Washington’s ability to balance the need for political reform with long-standing strategic interests and military partnerships.