Bahrain is a crucial test of Washington’s ability to balance the need for political reform with long-standing strategic interests and military partnerships.
Lebanon remains vulnerable to the Syrian conflict. Although the country has avoided major upheaval so far, the state is weak, sectarian tensions are high, and political coalitions are divided along pro and anti-regime lines.
As the crisis in Mali threatens to grow into a full-fledged regional security and humanitarian nightmare, nervous neighboring countries are looking to Algeria to lead a conflict management effort.
For Libya to secure its largely ungoverned borders it must disentangle the web of economic and local interests that fuel insecurity.
The growing instability in Libya’s eastern province is best addressed in the near term by an effective constitution and the institutionalization of the security sector.
State complicity with organized crime is at the heart of instability in the Sahel and Sahara region, fomenting conflict and fueling the rise of al-Qaeda.
Egypt must undertake a number of fundamental and difficult reforms to improve its overburdened, underperforming public university system.
With the rise of Islamists across the Arab world, there is a possibility that the new parties in power will update education curricula to reflect conservative Islamic beliefs.
Egypt's civilian authorities are trying to wrest control from a military institution that has been the mainstay of authoritarian power for decades and no less than the fate of Egypt’s transition is at stake.
A lasting renaissance of the Tunisian media requires vigilance on the part of the media community itself, and an awareness of its role as the barometer of the country’s new democracy.
Independent trade unions remain the strongest nationally organized force confronting the autocratic tendencies of the old order. If they can solidify and expand their gains, they could be an important force leading Egypt toward a more democratic future.
More than a year after the outbreak of the uprising against Muammar Qaddafi’s rule, Libya is in the midst of a challenging transition, struggling without state institutions to manage the transition, security services to keep the peace, and sufficient national unity.
In both the West Bank and Gaza, a soft authoritarianism that has provoked uprisings elsewhere has only been further entrenching itself.
The economic platforms of Islamist parties have largely been overlooked, despite the serious challenges that lie ahead for the economies of the Arab world.
The failure of efforts thus far to bring peace to greater Sudan does not bode well for the chances of avoiding new conflict.
Promoting good governance and reinforcing the state’s capacity is critical to improving economic conditions and building people’s trust in Mauritania’s national institutions.
Tribal governance and conflict resolution traditions will play a part in helping to ease tensions and mitigate conflicts that will arise as Yemen moves toward political transition.
A capable and legitimate state is even more essential to Yemen’s economic future than the presence of natural resources.
Morocco’s friends in the West, especially the United States and France, must pressure Rabat to expedite a significant devolution of power to the Western Sahara to limit the threat of instability.
Islamists in Mauritania, an important political force, are not currently a threat to the United States as the mainstream of the movement appears committed to democracy and unlikely to take power.