Arab regimes have established a set formula for managing state-citizen relations: government services in exchange for public consent. Over the past seven years, changes to the government-citizen relationship in the Arab world have reshaped citizens’ perceptions of what they owe their government and what they can expect from it.
The fundamental bargain underpinning stability in Middle Eastern states is coming undone, and unless regional leaders move quickly to strike new bargains with their citizens, even larger storms will come.
The possible involvement in the disappearance of the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi presents the U.S.-Saudi relationship with its greatest crisis since 9/11. The question that remains is how the Trump administration will respond.
Arab educational systems need to serve the needs of pluralistic societies and foster the development of active, responsible citizens who are empowered to deal with complexity and advance constructive change.
The Trump administration needs to work closely with Turkey to address the disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi. It is almost certain though that decisions will be made more slowly and communication handled more haltingly.
Constructing a new order in the Arab world requires states to begin confronting the patronage system and crony networks that distort economic outcomes and suppress job creation. The economic challenge is thus not merely technical, but profoundly political as well.
The political landscape in the region, which is directly reflected in Lebanon, is now on the verge of being redesigned.
The Israeli and Palestinian communities are growing ever closer physically while remaining separated politically. Any solution must adequately address the needs of both sides.
The international community will have to come to grips with the death of the two-state solution. It is no longer taboo to talk about alternatives, including variations of the one-state solution.
Despite variances in threat intensity and risk, challenges loom across the Maghreb. The specter of jihadism may haunt North Africa for a long time.
International and expert attention is increasingly focused on the impending challenges of reconstruction, repatriation, and reconciliation following the devastating wars and state failure which followed the Arab uprisings of 2011.
Jordan is in dire need of a new social contract, one that regards all citizens as equal and gives them a meaningful voice as the country attempts to address its economic situation.
The EU can—and must—uphold its part in the Iran nuclear deal, all while actively extending its role beyond the nuclear file.
Given the growing public anger in Iraq, the only path forward is to make the state more efficient and accountable.
Turkey crucially needs EU markets, funds, and investment to prosper. This in turn requires the rule of law, not the rule of the arbitrary. Choices will have to be made in Ankara.
Although Western donors’ local political assistance in opposition Syria has differed starkly from prior interventions in two crucial domains, the tensions of previous reconstruction and state-building efforts are being replicated almost wholesale.
Since Trump became president, the United States has enabled and supported a Saudi war in Yemen. How can you explain the Trump administration’s attachment to Saudi Arabia?
Hezbollah will be hard-pressed to balance its regional role with the growing socioeconomic demands of Lebanese voters.
A lasting solution to insecurity on the Tunisia-Libya border will require a broad socioeconomic approach that includes pursuing alternative development opportunities and tackling corruption.
The Trump administration’s plan for an “Arab NATO,” aimed at countering Iran’s influence, poses serious risks for the region.