Incidents involving Iran have been among the most sophisticated, costly, and consequential attacks in the history of the internet.
Protests in Iran’s western provinces could disrupt oil production and the finances of the regime.
It is appropriate for U.S. officials to support Iranian demands for the rule of law, transparency, economic opportunity, and personal freedom. But it is important to recognize that they are bystanders in a dynamic process whose outcome will be determined squarely within Iran itself.
Demonstrations continue across Iran, but there are notable differences from the 2009 protests that rocked the country.
As protests continue across Iran, there are many questions about the strength of the regime, the protesters’ goals, and how regional and international actors will respond.
If past protests called for a reformation of the Islamic Republic established in 1979, some of the current slogans are calling for its overthrow. While few expect the protests to succeed, the legitimacy of the Islamic revolution is being challenged for the first time.
Protest movements in the Middle East face enormous repressive hurdles and rarely have happy endings.
Morocco’s Party of Justice and Development sought to show that it is possible to carve out a larger role for government while remaining loyal to the palace.
Now that the situation in Syria is moving towards a political settlement and reconstruction, many more parties will have a say in what happens.
Iran has entered a growth-friendly demographic window of opportunity, during which prime-age workers outnumber children and elderly dependents. This period will profoundly shape Iran’s future.
U.S. and Egyptian interests are increasingly divergent and the relationship now has far less common purpose than it once did.
Revamping its Customs Union with Turkey is the only viable way for the EU to encourage rules-based economic and political reforms in the country and maintain engagement with Ankara.
Russia realizes that with the war waning and reconstruction looming, others will begin to step forward in Syria, including China, Europe, and Japan. Moscow will seek to partner with them to secure a piece of the lucrative reconstruction effort.
Following the resignation of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, the main advocates of democratic change in Egypt failed to create a consensus over how to manage politics going forward.
What began as demonstrations in favor of freedom, democracy and good governance quickly descended into widespread violence and the collapse of several states, such as Syria, Libya and Yemen.
The decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel by President Trump was a political decision, not a foreign policy decision. It was about President Trump and his supporters, and not about moving the peace process forward.
President Trump announced a radical departure in U.S. Middle East policy by declaring the United States’ recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
By accepting that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel, Trump torpedoes the potential role of the U.S. as a neutral broker in the peace process between Palestinians and Israelis.
Algeria is facing the consequences of the high instability in neighboring Tunisia, Libya and the Sahel.
The argument that is often made against active engagement on human rights issues in Egypt is that no matter what the United States does, the situation will not improve. This is not true.