Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani helped Ayatollah Ali Khamenei ascend to the supreme leadership of Iran and spent the next three decades trying, unsuccessfully, to wrestle power back from the man he enthroned.
EU policy towards the Maghreb is still reflective of the disjointed self-interests of member states who favor their own short-term political and security interests and does not take stock of the new realities affecting security in several countries of the Maghreb.
The biggest developments in Syria in 2016.
If the ceasefire brokered by Russia and Turkey holds, it will be welcomed by most people in Syria - but the odds seem stacked against it.
With the 7th conference, Fateh’s mutation from national liberation movement into a party whose primary purpose is institutionalizing its hold on power became complete.
Following infighting during the spring of 2016, the Eastern Ghouta has been split and Assad is now moving to recapture it.
Despite several setbacks across the Middle East, Islamist parties have adapted in diverse ways to the new political environments.
Lebanese religious leaders are often treated as authentic representatives of their sects and are given broad powers over religious affairs. However, their leadership is not organic, nor are they necessarily popular, as these individuals are trained and selected by elite institutions.
Lebanon has embarked on the path of developing an oil and gas sector at a time of increasingly vociferous calls for transparency in the sector worldwide.
Since 2001, jihadism has evolved and proliferated in ways both unanticipated and once considered unimaginable.
Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court struck down a portion of the country’s protest law this week. While that may have long-term significance, the ruling is likely to have little short-term effect.
US President-elect Donald Trump has said a number of contradictory statements during his campaign pertaining to an overall foreign policy strategy he will pursue in the Middle East.
Egypt’s generals have constantly employed repressive tools to instill fear among the population in order to stifle free expression and peaceful opposition.
The arrival of Russian air and naval reinforcements in the Eastern Mediterranean heralds a new military escalation in Aleppo.
Unless there are fundamental changes in Syria’s social and security structures, any political solution to the conflict is likely to fail.
Iran has some of the world’s largest oil and gas fields and its oil sector is, once again, occupying centre stage in the global media
The violence sweeping across the Arab world isn't a consequence of the Arab Spring, but of decades of dictatorship.
Lebanon has been trying hard to join the club of oil and gas producers but a combination of factors dominated by domestic political infighting have always meant that ambition falls well short of reality.
If Tunisia’s top-down strategy to boost investment and private-sector growth is to succeed, a bottom-up approach is also needed to address the country’s most urgent challenges.
Trump's proposed heavy handed foreign policy could lead to a rise in radicalization globally.