Like his predecessors, Trump is almost certain to find that, at best, the Middle East is a problem to be managed—not one to be transformed according to the president’s desires.
While the differences between Rouhani and Raisi are meaningful, and the competition between them is genuine, four decades of Iranian presidential elections have had little impact on Iran’s major domestic and foreign policies.
The closing of civic space has become a defining feature of political life in an ever-increasing number of countries.
The Saudi Aramco IPO offers a unique opportunity for climate-based transparency. Yet, despite having some of the cleanest oils, transparency is unlikely without pressure from investors and exchanges.
The official Muslim religious establishments in Arab countries give governments a major role in religious life, but these institutions are rarely mere regime mouthpieces and can be difficult to steer in a particular direction.
Development does not co-exist naturally with free market policies, as many ardent liberalists assert, nor is it a process that is inevitable or prescribed.
Boycotting the election is a form of political stand in which the Algerian citizens are refusing to give the government any legitimacy.
Following the Arab uprisings, the Algerian regime exhibited a remarkable degree of stability and continuity as it adapted to the new local, regional and international realities.
Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) remains divisive, poorly understood, and plagued by internal divisions, as it is both recognized by the state and at the behest of nonstate leadership figures. Key challenges involving the PMF will shape Iraq’s political and security future.
Algeria is facing many challenges however the major issues are socio-economic.
Having expended considerable military effort in helping Libyan forces wrest territory from the Islamic State last year, the United States should now turn its diplomatic attention to ensuring the country does not slip into greater chaos.
By catering to the Saudis in Yemen, the United States has empowered al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, strengthened Iranian influence in Yemen, undermined Saudi security, and brought Yemen closer to the brink of collapse.
The recent attacks on Coptic churches have prompted President Sisi to declare a state emergency.
The airstrike has now brought Trump almost completely into alignment with the mainstream of Republican foreign policy and the bipartisan foreign policy consensus he once railed against.
Donald Trump’s fans and detractors don’t agree on much, but one point of consensus has been that he would radically change U.S. policy in the Middle East.
Since 2013, Egypt’s new authoritarian government has systematically widened its repression of the opposition to targets beyond the Islamist spectrum.
A new administration in Washington offers a chance to reexamine the old and increasingly dysfunctional U.S. relationship with Egypt.
Despite their divergent paths after the 2010–2011 uprisings, Egypt and Tunisia are today facing similar economic challenges.
Southern Libya remains a region of endemic instability wracked by communal conflict, a shortage of basic services, rampant smuggling, and fragmented or collapsed institutions.
A sustainable political settlement to end the multiple conflicts in Syria will not be possible without a real focus on the challenges of refugee returns.