Even if an agreement is ultimately successfully structured, implemented, and enforced, solving the Iranian nuclear problem does not resolve the Iran problem for the entire region or for the United States.
Iran’s ongoing negotiations over its nuclear program, most recently this weekend in Geneva, have not yet resulted in a deal.
Though the diplomatic thaw between Iran and the West is a significant step forward, it remains to be seen whether Iran wants a rapprochement with the United States and will fundamentally change its foreign and domestic policy.
The disputes over Iran’s nuclear program should be solved through diplomacy and negotiations.
As part of a negotiated comprehensive settlement with the P5+1, Iran could get access to foreign expertise, which could help Tehran realize its ambition to have a versatile research reactor.
As they turn to Syria, Iran, and Israeli-Palestinian peace talks, President Obama and his secretary of state may end up feeling much like Sisyphus, who spent eternity pushing a boulder up a hill only to have it tumble back to the bottom each time he neared the peak.
Experts are touting this as the first moment in a decade when both sides are hopeful about a negotiated solution.
Netanyahu’s speech to the UN General Assembly was inflammatory, deeply one-sided, and hyperbolic in its assessment of Iran’s recent history.
President Obama’s historic phone call to Iranian President Hassan Rouhani is the first step in what could be a very long journey between the two countries.
The Iranians have changed their tone but must go a long way to prove they are changing their intent, embracing transparency and adhering to international standards.