The shortcomings that characterized Egypt’s economy before the 2011 uprising remain in place. Until they are addressed, renewed political volatility remains possible.
Egypt’s economic crisis deprives the regime of the financial and economic resources needed to sustain a solid social base among public sector employees, and hence hinders the consolidation of authoritarian rule.
Incremental practical steps and confidence-building measures offer the best hope for progress toward the creation of a weapons of mass destruction–free zone in the Middle East.
EU and U.S. approaches to reform must be more sophisticated in circumventing the many negative developments and obstacles in today’s MENA region.
Markets largely dictate how the relationship between oil companies and host states will play out, with governments attempting to ensure they receive a ‘fair share’ of petroleum revenues.
For years, there has been debate on the extent to which Islam is compatible with the principles of democracy. Recently, the debate has shifted to a more productive question: when do religious actors decide to support a democratic transition process?
Five years after the onset of the Arab Spring, much of the Middle East is in crisis. However, it may be too early to deem the uprisings a failure.
While the international community is focused on the self-proclaimed Islamic State or Iran, most Arabs are focused on improving their lives. Their governments should encourage them.
A new layer of ambitious small and midsize powers is emerging in the Middle East, representing a structural shift in the regional order and an opportunity for European diplomacy.
The Arab uprisings of early 2011 disrupted virtually every dimension of Arab politics and societies. The place of women in politics and the public sphere was no exception.