Markets largely dictate how the relationship between oil companies and host states will play out, with governments attempting to ensure they receive a ‘fair share’ of petroleum revenues.
For years, there has been debate on the extent to which Islam is compatible with the principles of democracy. Recently, the debate has shifted to a more productive question: when do religious actors decide to support a democratic transition process?
Five years after the onset of the Arab Spring, much of the Middle East is in crisis. However, it may be too early to deem the uprisings a failure.
While the international community is focused on the self-proclaimed Islamic State or Iran, most Arabs are focused on improving their lives. Their governments should encourage them.
A new layer of ambitious small and midsize powers is emerging in the Middle East, representing a structural shift in the regional order and an opportunity for European diplomacy.
The Arab uprisings of early 2011 disrupted virtually every dimension of Arab politics and societies. The place of women in politics and the public sphere was no exception.
The Carnegie Middle East Center is pleased to host a review of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s first Arab Experts Survey.
In the years since the 2011 protests, rebellions have led to renewed repression in some places and chaos in others, but it may be too soon to say that they have failed.
Restoring effective policing in Arab states is crucial in order to rebuild social peace, resume economic development and growth, and reintegrate deeply divided political systems and broken state institutions.
The Arab states in transition are confronted with a seemingly intractable task: rebuilding state institutions and social contracts in an era of global change. Conventional approaches to security sector reform that fail to grasp the dilemmas and challenges complicating this effort are certain to fail.