The Carnegie Middle East Center is pleased to host a review of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s first Arab Experts Survey.
In the years since the 2011 protests, rebellions have led to renewed repression in some places and chaos in others, but it may be too soon to say that they have failed.
Restoring effective policing in Arab states is crucial in order to rebuild social peace, resume economic development and growth, and reintegrate deeply divided political systems and broken state institutions.
The Arab states in transition are confronted with a seemingly intractable task: rebuilding state institutions and social contracts in an era of global change. Conventional approaches to security sector reform that fail to grasp the dilemmas and challenges complicating this effort are certain to fail.
Security-sector reform in the Arab World cannot happen in isolation from the wider process of democratic transition and national reconciliation.
Dismissing the Arab Spring uprisings as failures does not capture how fully they have transformed every dimension of the region’s politics.
The Egyptian government now finds itself in a hard place as it must reform its bureaucracy but risks social discord if it reduces its public sector which employs thousands.
Earlier assessments of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood’s ability to act as a firewall against violent extremism need to be updated in the wake of the overthrow of Mohamed Morsi.
International actors in the Middle East have widespread effects on the political and economic development of the region.
Across the Middle East, large gender gaps exist in levels of political activity, voter turnout, and the likelihood of being elected.