Conflict and Refugees

The Triggers of Return Project conducted by the Carnegie Middle East Center in 2016–2018 aims to improve the understanding of Syrian refugees’ predicament, and to uncover the political, social, and economic conditions that would trigger their voluntary return. The project’s strategic goal is to inform policymakers of the linkages between triggers for return and a potential political settlement to end the Syrian conflict.

This project was made possible with the generous support of the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (UKFCO) and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA).

The evolving conflicts in the Arab region have been the cause for the world’s largest waves of migration and displacement since World War II. Carnegie scholars in Beirut, Brussels and Washington unpack the consequences of the refugee crises on Europe, and their implications (the Syrian refugee crisis in particular) on the politics, economy and security of the Middle East.

Carnegie Experts on
Conflict and Refugees

  • expert thumbnail - Lehne
    Stefan Lehne
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe
    Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.
  • expert thumbnail - Lynch
    Marc Lynch
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Pierini
    Marc Pierini
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe
    Pierini is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on developments in the Middle East and Turkey from a European perspective.
  • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
    Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Center
    Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his work focuses on the Syrian crisis, the political role of Arab armies, security sector transformation in Arab transitions, the reinvention of authoritarianism, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and peace process.
  • expert thumbnail - Yahya
    Maha Yahya
    Director
    Middle East Center
    Yahya is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.
  • expert thumbnail - Youngs
    Richard Youngs
    Senior Fellow
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    Youngs is an expert on the foreign policy of the European Union, in particular on questions of democracy support.

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