Under increasing financial pressure, states hosting Syrian refugees are pressuring them to return whether conditions in Syria are safe or not.
In an interview, Kheder Khaddour discusses his recent paper on how the situation in eastern Syria will impact refugees.
The Afrin operation is the result of a Russian-Turkish land swap, whose long-term repercussions will be significant.
The Islamic State’s defeat in Syria will not automatically bring displaced people home. A broader political settlement that reflects regional and national realities will be required.
A regular survey of experts on matters relating to Middle Eastern and North African politics and security.
Despite a deteriorating relationship, Brussels and Ankara will have to find a way to work together.
Bassem Nemeh discusses the economic burden of the Syrian refugees for Lebanon and Jordan.
Maha Yahya discusses the complexities and calculations in a Syrian refugee return
Efforts to circumvent Geneva and Astana undermine a durable solution in Syria and work against the welfare of refugees.
Lebanon’s economy has paid a significant price for the ongoing war in Syria.
The Triggers of Return Project conducted by the Carnegie Middle East Center in 2016–2018 aims to improve the understanding of Syrian refugees’ predicament, and to uncover the political, social, and economic conditions that would trigger their voluntary return. The project’s strategic goal is to inform policymakers of the linkages between triggers for return and a potential political settlement to end the Syrian conflict.
This project was made possible with the generous support of the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (UKFCO) and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA).