The United States and Europe should encourage Israeli and Palestinian leaders to use international organizations and law as an alternative to violence.
Violent attacks and counter attacks in Jerusalem have escalated as access to the Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount has changed, raising the profile of the religious aspect of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict alongside its nationalist and territorial dimensions.
Public services in the West Bank and Gaza have shown an outstanding level of resilience that is likely to continue even if security, political, or economic situations deteriorate.
In the long term, the EU has managed to keep alive—even if only on life support—a diplomatic process based on a two-state solution.
Hamas is going through a difficult transformation on various levels, and it might need some time to recover its stability.
Carnegie’s Washington-based Middle East Program and the Carnegie Middle East Center convened a special workshop that sought to examine potential long-term scenarios for the West Bank and Gaza and their impact on Palestinian life, politics, and livelihood.
A panel of U.S. and regional experts assess the legacy of the 1993 Oslo Accords and the outlook for progress toward peace between Israelis and Palestinians.