Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb remains a looming threat, with its proven adaptability and resilience, and its high capacity for destruction.
The various conflicts raging in the Middle East, and particularly in Syria, have created a refugee crisis of unprecedented scale.
Decades of corruption have paradoxically led to the Syrian Army's resilience in the face of a multifront war and tens of thousands of defections.
If the current cessation of hostilities endures, this means an entirely welcome reduction in the suffering of the Syrian people, but conditions may not yet be ripe for it to lead to a political solution.
Marginalized for decades under former presidents Habib Bourguiba and Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, the Tunisian military has begun to see its fortunes reverse after the 2011 revolution.
Its inability to properly combat ISIS highlights the malfunctioning of the Iraqi state.
The spread of protests in Tunisia since mid-January reveals the depth of its unresolved and festering socio-economic crisis and exposes how little has changed in the relationship between the police and the general public since the 2011 uprising.
The measures that the European Union has taken towards the refugee crisis are mostly palliative, temporary fixes that leave the EU largely in a reactive mode.
The self-proclaimed Islamic State’s takeover of Mosul in the summer of 2014 was a dark moment for Iraq’s military whose four well-armed divisions rapidly disintegrated.
The issue of unifying Kurdish military forces has been on the Kurdish region’s public agenda since 1991. Seventeen years later, the various peshmerga forces remain divided along partisan lines.