The Saudi Aramco IPO offers a unique opportunity for climate-based transparency. Yet, despite having some of the cleanest oils, transparency is unlikely without pressure from investors and exchanges.
Development does not co-exist naturally with free market policies, as many ardent liberalists assert, nor is it a process that is inevitable or prescribed.
Academic Yang Guang discusses an ambitious plan that includes future Chinese cooperation with the Middle East.
Despite their divergent paths after the 2010–2011 uprisings, Egypt and Tunisia are today facing similar economic challenges.
In an interview, Amr Adly discusses his recent Carnegie paper on Egypt’s large private enterprises.
Egypt’s economy is dependent on large private enterprises that have close ties with the Mubarak regime. After the 2011 uprising the economy suffered as the relationship between the state and the enterprises changed.
Tunisia's political transition may be the most successful among other Arab Spring countries, however it remains fragile.
The social, political, and economic grievances—above all, the demand for human dignity and justice—that gave rise to the Arab uprisings six years ago are not going away.
Lebanon has embarked on the path of developing an oil and gas sector at a time of increasingly vociferous calls for transparency in the sector worldwide.
The public needs to be included for investment to produce economic, political, and social benefits.