The Syrian government has had a dual approach to its wartime economy, intervening when necessary but often adopting a laissez-faire stance towards traders.
The Egyptian economy continues to stagnate due to a lack of long-term planning and domestic instability.
The group hasn't only recruited suicide bombers, it has also drawn technicians and engineers to manage oil fields under its control.
A multipronged approach is needed stop ISIS from profiting from the oil fields under its control.
Almost five years after the outbreak of the Arab Spring, countries across North Africa are experiencing different phases of political change.
After having made some gains for several years starting in the mid-2000s, Egypt’s labor movement has come under severe restrictions since the reimposition of military-led authoritarianism in mid-2013.
A panel of international and regional energy experts discussed whether the Middle East and North Africa can be a major oil- and gas-producing (and consuming) region, while also committing to reducing carbon emissions.
It remains to be seen how much oil and gas Iran will bring to the markets, but the uncertainty will not stop zealous investors from chasing potential opportunities.
The ongoing slack in oil has exerted pressure and shed light on many producer countries, which struggle to attract investment and fight to secure favorable contract terms.
The decline in crude oil prices heralds a new era.