The Syrian Revolution General Commission (SRGC) is a coalition of more than 40 opposition groups inside and outside of Syria. 

Major Figures

Saleh al-Hamwi:spokesman
Mohammad Aloush: member of the SRGC and the Syrian National Council (SNC)
Nidal Darwish: member
Rania Kisar: member

Background

The SRGC was established on August 18, 2011, in Turkey. It is an umbrella organization working inside and outside of Syria with more than 40 opposition movements under its banner, including the Syrian Revolution Coordinator’s Union and opposition media outlets such as the Sham Network.  Although the SRGC includes many coordination committees, the SRGC does not replace the Local Coordination Committees of Syria. The SRGC claims no particular religious affiliation and considers itself to be secular.

The SRGC was created as part of an attempt to unify opposition ranks in order to make the opposition movement more effective. The SRGC refused to take part in the SNC, criticizing it as composed of mostly exiles and adopting a patronizing stance toward  internal opposition groups. Nevertheless, while the SRGC as an institution has refused to participate in the SNC, some of its members, such as Dr. Shadi Junaid, Khaled al-Saleh, and Jamal al-Wadi, are independently also members of the SNC.

On November 11, the SRGC was represented by Nidal Darwish at opposition talks in Doha, where the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces was established. The SRGC joined the National Coalition, which is led by Sheikh Ahmad Mouaz al-Khatib al-Hasani and SRGC member Suhair al-Atassi was named a vice president of the National Coalition.

Some key SRGC members have declined to be identified for fear of retribution by the regime, making it hard to identify the commission’s commanding body which includes a Humanitarian Relief Bureau, a Media Bureau, and a Bureau for Legal Affairs.

The SRGC is most effective in the media and humanitarian relief fields as a result of its activities inside Syria assisting opposition activists with demonstrations and providing relief to those targeted by the regime. Examples of this work include SRGC documents providing basic principles and suggestions to activivists on how to organize successful anti-regime demonstrations.


Political Platform and Policies Toward the Crisis

The SRGC states that it is working toward a constitutional and democratic government that respects cultural, political, and religious diversity and human rights through the establishment of civil and democratic institutions. It supports freedom based on human rights, justice, equality, and dignity.  The SRGC demands the ouster of the Assad regime, rejects any form of dialogue or negotiation with it, and calls for the trial of regime personalities responsible for oppressing the opposition.

Initially, the SRGC stressed peaceful means to bring down the regime. It favored demonstrations, strikes, civil disobedience, social communication, and media coverage of the uprising to make the situation in Syria known to the world and supported other nonviolent actions  to unify the ranks of the opposition and attract new members.  As the revolution became more militarized in mid-2012, the SRGC shifted its position and called for foreign military intervention. TheSRGC  now actively supports military groups inside Syria such as the Free Syrian Army with logistics, funds, and intelligence on the ground.