After assuming his position as President Donald Trump’s senior adviser in charge of formulating a peace plan for the Israelis and Palestinians, Jared Kushner spoke to a number of former U.S. officials who had worked on Arab-Israeli negotiations. This included Aaron David Miller, currently a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Miller served at the State Department as an historian, analyst, negotiator, and advisor to Republican and Democratic secretaries of state, in which he helped formulate U.S. policy on the Middle East and the Arab-Israel peace process. He also served as deputy special Middle East coordinator for Arab-Israeli negotiations and as senior member of the State Department’s policy planning staff. In a number of conversations with Kushner, Miller offered him this advice.