On the tenth anniversary of the start of the Syrian uprising, Kheder Khaddour looks back at the terrible conflict there and examines what it has meant for the country and its future. Khaddour is a nonresident scholar at the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center, where he has focused on Syria, in particular civil-military relations, as well as local identities in the Levant. Among the notable papers that Khaddour has written is one that he coauthored with Carnegie’s Harith Hasan, titled “The Transformation of the Iraqi-Syrian Border: From a National to a Regional Frontier,” as well as, among others, “Back to What Future: What Remains for Syria’s Displaced People?” and “Local Wars and the Chance for Decentralized Peace in Syria.” Diwan interviewed Khaddour in late February.