Armenak Tokmajyan is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his research focuses on borders and conflict, Syrian refugees, and local intermediaries in Syria. Tokmajyan has been following the situation in southern Syria very closely for some time, and in August he published an article for Diwan on the most recent developments in Daraa. Last year, he wrote a paper for Carnegie on how the Assad regime’s forces returned to southern Syria in 2018, which serves as a basis for explaining the developments we are seeing today in the region.