Anouar Boukhars

Nonresident Fellow
Middle East Program

Boukhars is a nonresident fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is a professor of countering violent extremism and counter-terrorism at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, National Defense University.

Anouar Boukhars is a nonresident fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program and a professor of Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) and Counter-Terrorism (CT) at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS), National Defense University, Washington, DC. Prior to joining ACSS, Boukhars was an associate professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. His publications have appeared in the Journal of Conflict Studies, International Political Science Review, Middle Eastern Studies, African Security Review, European Security, Journal of the Middle East and Africa, Counter Terrorism Center Sentinel, World Politics Review, Al Jazeera Center for Studies, Orient, and Terrorism Monitor

Boukhars is the author of Politics in Morocco: Executive Monarchy and Enlightened Authoritarianism (Routledge, 2010) and co-author of Salafism in the Maghreb: Politics, Piety, and Militancy (Oxford University, 2019). He is also the co-editor of Perilous Desert: Insecurity in the Sahara (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2013) and Perspectives on Western Sahara: Myths, Nationalisms and Geopolitics (Rowman and Littlefield, 2013).

Boukhars holds a Ph.D. in international studies from Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia; an M.A. in applied humanities from Al Akhaweyn University in Ifrane, Morocco; and a B.A. in English literature from Ibn Tofail University in Kenitra, Morocco.

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  • A Different Type of Alliance
    • April 09, 2019

    A Different Type of Alliance

    The G5 Sahel Joint Force shows that improvised security initiatives are becoming more common in Africa.

  • Cool Calculating Radicals
    • April 01, 2019

    Cool Calculating Radicals

    Among jihadi groups in the Sahel, strategic gains not religion often determine a militant’s affiliation.

  • The Jihadi Paradox
    • September 18, 2018

    The Jihadi Paradox

    Rebels often adopt Salafi jihadism as a strategic choice to gain competitive advantages.

  • My Enemy’s Enemy
    • April 18, 2018

    My Enemy’s Enemy

    Algeria’s regime regards “quietist” Salafism as a useful ally in the fight against more violent and politicized Salafists.

  • Where Does the Doctrine Lead?
    • September 18, 2017

    Where Does the Doctrine Lead?

    Morocco’s Salafists continue to maneuver uneasily between quietism and greater activism.

  • Strengthen Tunisia’s Army, But Keep It Out of Politics
    • October 20, 2015

    Strengthen Tunisia’s Army, But Keep It Out of Politics

    In Tunisia, the army has increasingly been called on to fulfill roles traditionally reserved for the civilian security organs, raising concerns about the role of the Tunisian military in providing security.


PhD, Old Dominion University
MA, Al-Akhawayn University
BA, Ibn Tofail University

  • Arabic
  • English
  • French
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