A regular survey of experts on matters relating to Middle Eastern and North African politics and security.
On the margins of a Carnegie conference, Nikolay Koshanov and Hossein Mousavian discuss Russia’s and Iran’s role in the Syrian conflict.
How does Russia position itself between Iran and Israel in the Middle East?
Tales of Russian ascendancy in the Middle East are overblown.
In an interview, academic and activist Ziad Majed examines the destructive dynamics across the Middle East.
What American voters may have wrought in the Middle East.
Donald Trump’s policies on Syria suggest he may favor Assad and has learned little about the country.
The traditional tools of U.S. statecraft in the Middle East are wanting.
In an interview, Walid Joumblatt asks for more U.S. involvement in the Middle East and believes Bashar al-Assad will remain in power.
The attempted coup in Turkey and its aftermath may become a defining moment in both the country’s contemporary history and the war in Syria.
For Russia, the Syrian conflict is clearly a burden, but it is also a source of influence, through which the Kremlin has sought to develop its regional alliances, especially with Iran.
For Turkey, changing course on Syria would be problematic and painful, but staying the course would be no less costly.
Russia and Iran are now trapped in a situation of mutual dependence where both stand to lose if the pact between Moscow, Tehran, and Damascus should fall apart.
Russia’s September 2015 aerial intervention in Syria would not have succeeded without a parallel Iranian intervention on the ground.
President Bashar al-Assad’s advance into Palmyra has redrawn Syria’s military battlefield and may accelerate a shift in the political landscape of the conflict as well.
Russia’s announcement of its withdrawal from Syria has surprised the international community and raised questions about the underlying calculations of the decision and the effect it may have on Syria’s future.
Choices in peacemaking terminology are often based on subtle differences and the political circumstances of various parties, particularly in the Syrian conflict.
A tenuous ceasefire has taken hold in Syria, but allegations of breaches, disparate motivations of outside actors, and local politics among rebel groups have already imperiled the agreement.
Although progress has been made toward a ceasefire in Syria, the road to a lasting solutions remains fraught with challenges.
While the Geneva III peace talks have been postponed, there is still hope that they will produce a framework for conflict management and the mitigation of Syrians’ horrific suffering.