The attempted coup in Turkey and its aftermath may become a defining moment in both the country’s contemporary history and the war in Syria.
For Russia, the Syrian conflict is clearly a burden, but it is also a source of influence, through which the Kremlin has sought to develop its regional alliances, especially with Iran.
For Turkey, changing course on Syria would be problematic and painful, but staying the course would be no less costly.
Russia and Iran are now trapped in a situation of mutual dependence where both stand to lose if the pact between Moscow, Tehran, and Damascus should fall apart.
Russia’s September 2015 aerial intervention in Syria would not have succeeded without a parallel Iranian intervention on the ground.
President Bashar al-Assad’s advance into Palmyra has redrawn Syria’s military battlefield and may accelerate a shift in the political landscape of the conflict as well.
Russia’s announcement of its withdrawal from Syria has surprised the international community and raised questions about the underlying calculations of the decision and the effect it may have on Syria’s future.
Choices in peacemaking terminology are often based on subtle differences and the political circumstances of various parties, particularly in the Syrian conflict.
A tenuous ceasefire has taken hold in Syria, but allegations of breaches, disparate motivations of outside actors, and local politics among rebel groups have already imperiled the agreement.
Although progress has been made toward a ceasefire in Syria, the road to a lasting solutions remains fraught with challenges.
While the Geneva III peace talks have been postponed, there is still hope that they will produce a framework for conflict management and the mitigation of Syrians’ horrific suffering.
Aron Lund, Editor of Syria in Crisis, looks back on events in Syria in 2015 through the site’s most popular posts.
Russia’s intervention may alter the course of the war in Syria or contribute to the slow and painful death of the country.
Since the onset of the Russian intervention two months ago, has Vladimir Putin managed to turn the tide in Syria?
By retaking the Kweiris Airbase, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has sent a message to rebels and regime loyalists alike.
The new United Nations peace process for Syria will operate on two tracks with the hope of building the necessary critical mass to stem the violence.
With Russia’s military intervention now underway in Syria, questions remain regarding Putin’s goals and targets.
With Russia increasing its involvement in Syria, what are the likely first targets for any potential military action?
Despite its poor prospects for the future, the Syrian regime remains as intransigent as it was on day one of the uprising.
The road to a political agreement in Syria remains long and bumpy as the priorities of different actors continue to diverge widely.