The armed forces have been a central political player and the real locus of power in Algeria, Egypt, Libya, and Sudan for the past 60 years.
In February 2019, millions of Algerians began protesting against a fifth term of their ailing 82-year-old then-president, Abdelaziz Bouteflika.
Through its updated MENA strategy, the World Bank Group aims to pursue a two-pronged approach to promote peace and stability through economic and social inclusion.
An exploration of the nuances and potential of power-sharing in post-conflict countries in the region and a discussion of the relevant lessons learned from other countries as well.
The Arab world is facing unprecedented socioeconomic, political, and institutional challenges. With the old order breaking down, citizens and states should forge new social contracts to address these massive challenges.
A look ahead to 2019, focusing on the most significant and challenging issues facing the world, specifically the Middle East and North Africa region.
Iraq’s three-year battle against the so-called Islamic State (IS) empowered an array of armed actors that enjoy state legitimacy yet operate autonomously from state security forces.
Widespread conflicts and the refugee crisis have brought the Middle East’s troubles closer to Europe. Today, the region’s various challenges, whether conflict, economic inequality, population growth, or global warming, are of concern to many European leaders.
Where does the Arab world stand in terms of economic inequality and how has it evolved before and after the Arab spring?
The ongoing conflict in Syria has created the biggest wave of displacement and refugees since World War II, along with devastating destruction and hundreds of thousands of victims.