Across the Arab world, different education reform initiatives have had varying levels of success in different contexts. This paper explores some types of education reform that could serve as groundwork for broader change.
The landmark agreement is far from a peace deal, but both countries now have vested economic interests in maintaining calm along their common border regions.
Saudi Arabia’s security is contingent on Yemen’s stability and economic prosperity. As such, Riyadh should help revive Yemen’s moribund economy, in both the borderlands and the inland agricultural sector.
While recent events in Iraq have tended to focus attention on the political dimension of the Sadrist movement, it is their leader’s ability to defend himself on the religious front that explains essential aspects of his power.
The case of the Salafi groups underscores the complex evolution of cross-border exchange of religious ideas, with external powers able to increase their influence among local communities.
Tunisia's planned free trade zone in Ben Guerdane has stalled while similar projects in Libya have advanced. If Tunisian authorities move quickly to revitalize the plan, they can boost the economy and give hope to the marginalized border population.
One year ago, Tunisian President Kais Saied’s self-coup put the country’s democratic transition in jeopardy. Carnegie experts examine the key aspects of Tunisia’s stalled transition through a comparative lens, both with other countries’ transitions and Tunisia’s own sectoral changes over time.
Some of Russia’s war tactics in Ukraine mirror the strategies Moscow has employed in Syria. The international community should apply the lessons learned then to limit devastation and casualties now.
Algeria and Egypt pressed China’s telecom national champion Huawei for more value-added manufacturing and technology transfers. The company responded, but it ultimately improved its brand image without engaging in meaningful capacity building.
Women are underrepresented in Algeria's business sector. While the state has launched several initiatives to help, more needs to be done to combat misogynistic ideas about women's roles and the institutionalized discrimination to which they have given rise.
IMF proposals and Egyptian government initiatives offer an opportunity to bring the country's powerful military-owned companies under consolidated ownership and regulatory frameworks, mitigating their adverse impacts on economic output, public finances, and private sector development.
After a decade of civil war, Syria’s border with Turkey is divided. Yet long-term stability will require a peace agreement that treats the border as an indivisible whole.
In Iraq’s Eastern Basra region, regional conflicts and illicit activity have contributed to environmental decay, which in turn furthers instability. Unless these problems are addressed, there will be long-term consequences for Iraq and the Middle East.
Damascus and Amman began repairing relations last year. But after a decade of war, Syria will be a very different partner than it has been in the past.
It’s about managing oil prices, bread prices, and strategic partnerships.
Both events also could force Washington to rethink or revive its Middle East partnerships.
Hollowed out by corruption and mismanagement and buffeted by adverse economic conditions, authoritarian governments in the Middle East are struggling to deliver the socioeconomic benefits that once pacified their publics.
As Yemen’s conflict rages on, the main obstacle to achieving southern Yemenis’ political aspirations has become rivalries among southern political groups. Here’s where the rivalries come from and how they shape southern Yemen today.
The U.S. administration should adopt more cohesive policies in the region, otherwise U.S. actions may not bring greater stability, but the contrary.
After using the COVID-19 pandemic as an excuse to crack down on opposition figures for more than a year, the Algerian authorities are intensifying repression against the last voices of dissent, hoping to put an end to the Hirak once and for all.