Tunisia’s interior regions have been a wellspring for social protests. Without deep economic restructuring, populists could pose an even graver threat to the country’s nascent democracy.
Despite flagging oil revenues and the introduction of conscription in the Gulf, the use of foreign contract soldiers, sometimes called mercenaries, is here to stay.
Today’s Turkey is more nationalist and more inclined to assert its political and military power than in recent years. To deal with Ankara, NATO and the EU must be firm, resolute, and yet cooperative.
After Lebanon’s civil war ended in 1990, it began rapidly expanding the public debt. This debt has exacerbated widening socioeconomic inequalities, now threatening the country’s stability.
In the aftermath of Syria's civil war, Bashar al-Assad's regime has deepened its neoliberal economic approach. This is heightening the inequality that led to war in the first place.
Despite growing divergences between Turkey and its Western allies, neither side can afford for political, economic, and security relations to deteriorate beyond a certain point.
Iraq's leading party from 2003 to 2018, Dawa has lost political relevance and become divided by internal factions. It will struggle to sell its vision of political Islam in Iraq's new climate.
Although local clerics have helped the Syrian state reassert control, the regime is centralizing religious authority away from communities. Their future relationship is hard to predict.
The Syrian regime is allowing the religious domain to grow, but only within the patrimonial environment the state created.
The Houthis have continually exploited different identities to gain power. Will a political compromise hand them their next identity—as an official authority in Yemen?
Though the Muslim Brotherhood and Iran share ideological commonalities and points of political convergence, several impediments stand in the way of deeper ties between them.
Despite a hardened border, smugglers continue to find a way. Together, Algeria and Morocco need to de-incentivize smuggling and reduce corruption.
Despite nearly five years of repression, the Muslim Brotherhood has proven resilient. The group may yet eat away at the Egyptian regime's legitimacy and even its stability.
In the face of poor election results for the last five years, Bahrain’s Sunni Islamists have fallen back on the loyalism and political quiescence common to oil-rich states.
Declining economic conditions are a chief concern of citizens in the Middle East. Thus, the future of Salafi parties is ultimately tied to the success of their economic proposals.
The EAF has been a slumbering giant since the late 1970s but appears to be awakening. Increasing threats, pressure from Washington, and Sisi's confidence all play a part.
While the Middle East needs a collective security architecture, the U.S. proposal must be changed if it is actually going to exist—let alone succeed.
Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood embraced neoliberalism before the 2011 Arab Spring and doomed its time in power from the start.
The next year offers Ennahda a choice. Will it consolidate its position as a major political player in Tunisia, or will its internal divisions deepen?
Some religious institutions have gained influence since the Syrian uprising began. Yet they have paid a price, as the regime has used them to advance its own interests.