Russia, Turkey, and Qatar have presented a trilateral initiative on Syria, but it’s who is included that matters more.
In an interview, Sevak Khatchadorian discusses how Armenians in the Arab world reacted to the Nagorno-Karabakh war.
Turkey has begun to take steps toward a more coherent economic policy, but its outcome will ultimately be determined by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
In an interview, Robert G. Rabil describes Turkey’s relations with Lebanon and its ambitions in the wider Middle East.
By pledging unconditional support to Azerbaijan in its conflict with Armenia over Nagorny Karabakh, Turkey’s government is stretching its forces and its budget, but it’s also shoring up its base.
The discovery of hydrocarbons in the Eastern Mediterranean has raised tensions in the region. Europe must act to to prevent an actual war from breaking out between Greece and Turkey.
Turkey’s misguided economic policies and slide toward autocracy have exacerbated the country’s relationship with the West. Meanwhile, Ankara’s bipolar foreign policy largely escapes Western leaders and analysts.
Turkish influence is increasing in Lebanon, where many Sunnis are looking for a regional patron.
In an interview, Soli Özel explains the multifaceted nature of Turkey’s ambitions in the Middle East and North Africa.
The Syrian-Turkish border has also allowed Turkey to play a greater role in Syria, fulfilling Turkish regional ambitions while also generating economic activity ensuring that internally displaced Syrian refugees remain inside Syria.