Women are increasingly joining the male-dominated world of smuggling. Could this be the start of a cultural revolution that challenges long-held gender norms?
Along the border between Tunisia and Libya, informal trade agreements led to a tight-knit border economy. But political changes in both Libya and Tunisia have fundamentally altered the economic and security landscape.
The current parliament is the most fractured in Tunisia’s history, with no party holding even one-quarter of the seats.
Nearly a decade after the revolution in Tunisia, much of the crucial legislation designed to protect women exists on paper alone, with significant work remaining to implement the laws.
Algerian officials in the northeastern border area between Algeria and Tunisia continue to permit the cross-border smuggling of petrol and other commodities.
In an interview, Dalia Ghanem discusses her recent paper on the Algerian-Tunisian border region.
Having lost the cushion of Gulf support, many Arab states are looking for external financing from international financial institutions and other donors such as China (particularly in North Africa) and the United States.
Smuggling goods across the border between Algeria and Tunisia has created a parallel economy for marginalized border populations. Law enforcement and smugglers alike must navigate these gray zones in state authority.
Despite the fiscal and economic challenges, President Tebboune has made it clear that Algeria will not seek a loan to ease the country’s socio-economic woes.
Constitutional amendments would allow Algiers to participate in peacekeeping operations and send army units abroad.