The Syrian-Turkish border has also allowed Turkey to play a greater role in Syria, fulfilling Turkish regional ambitions while also generating economic activity ensuring that internally displaced Syrian refugees remain inside Syria.
Egyptian and Turkish military businesses have used their institutional privileges to dominate their respective economies, but they have key differences. Turkey’s military businesses are centrally managed while Egypt’s use multiple complex conglomerates.
Faced with no shortage of domestic challenges, Erdogan is expanding Turkey’s role in the Eastern Mediterranean—and antagonizing Europe in turn.
Ankara is pushing problematic policies as its president’s political survival is hitting up against economic imperatives.
Istanbul has become a refuge for many Arab communities, but the city’s cosmopolitan ways are also changing them.
The dramatic escalation in the governorate may hide a high-risk Russian negotiation tactic.
A summit in Istanbul on March 5 has a slim chance of resolving Turkish and Russian contradictions over the Syrian region.
A regular survey of experts on matters relating to Middle Eastern and North African politics and security.
Today’s Turkey is more nationalist and more inclined to assert its political and military power than in recent years. To deal with Ankara, NATO and the EU must be firm, resolute, and yet cooperative.
Turkey’s military intervention in Libya, involving the deployment of Syrian fighters, is the latest chess move in a long-running civil war that followed the 2011 revolution, the NATO-led intervention, and the overthrow of the dictator Muammar Qaddafi.