• National Implications of the Kurdish Elections in Iraq

    Michael Knights
    September 09, 2009

    The July 2009 provincial elections changed not only political life in Iraqi Kurdistan, but also the outlook for national elections in January 2010.

  • Ending Jihadism? The Transformation of Armed Islamist Movements

    Omar Ashour
    September 09, 2009

    Recantation of radical ideologies and violence has picked up speed in recent years. Will it continue, and what will be the effect on al-Qaeda?

  • Impact of the Arab Human Development Reports

    Moataz Abdel Fattah
    September 09, 2009

    Arab governments largely ignored the July 2009 Arab Human Development report, as they have with previous editions, but the reports have had a significant impact on civil society and opposition thinking in the region.

  • Rebellions and the Existential Crisis in Yemen

    Brian O’Neill
    September 09, 2009

    Yemen faces an escalating threat from rebellions in both the north and south of the country, as well as from al-Qaeda, calling into question whether a unified state has ever really taken root.

  • How to Enhance Unity and Stability in Iraq

    Muhammad Abu Rumman
    November 11, 2008

    President-elect Obama’s administration must not give any inkling that Iraq is becoming less important to Washington if it wants to shore up real but fragile gains in Iraqi stability.

  • Shiite Politicization in the Middle East

    Rodger Shanahan
    August 25, 2008

    Not since the Iranian revolution has the issue of Shiite political development been of such interest to observers of Middle Eastern politics.

  • Political Reform in Iran: Dead or Alive?

    Farideh Farhi
    August 25, 2008

    Ten days of raucous student demonstrations across Iran in June prompted fresh predictions of the Iranian regime's imminent demise. But by July, regime hardliners had regained the upper hand by arresting some four thousand people. This summer's back-and-forth is yet another indication that in Iran a highly contentious but gradual process of political change is more likely than revolution.

  • Bahrain's Fragile Political Reforms

    Laurence Louër
    August 20, 2008

    Since taking power in 1999, the King of Bahrain, Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, has engaged in a vast program of reforms aimed at transforming his country from an emirate into a constitutional monarchy in which the Al Khalifa family's supremacy would be balanced by an elected parliament.

  • Still Shooting the Messenger in Morocco

    Aboubakr Jamaï
    August 20, 2008

    Morocco's King Muhammad VI, who ascended the throne in 1999 following the death of his father, King Hassan II, is moving ahead with reforms in some areas such as women's rights. But he maintains an ambivalent, sometimes hostile attitude toward the country's new independent press.

  • Internet Making Moroccan Censorship Obsolete

    Mohammad Ibahrine
    August 20, 2008

    While satellite television often attracts the lion's share of analysis about new media and their effect on prospects for democratization in the Middle East and North Africa, another technology may already have had at least as large an impact: the Internet.

Sada is an online journal rooted in Carnegie’s Middle East Program that seeks to foster and enrich debate about key political, economic, and social issues in the Arab world and provides a venue for new and established voices to deliver reflective analysis on these issues.

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