Tamer Badawi is an associate with the Middle East Directions Programme at the European University Institute, focusing on Iran’s foreign policy toward its neighbors.
Tamer Badawi is an associate with the Middle East Directions Programme at the European University Institute, focusing on Iran’s foreign policy toward its neighbors. His research focuses on the political economy of Iran’s relations with Arab countries and with Islamist movements. He was previously a research fellow at Al Sharq Forum in Istanbul. Tamer received an M.A. in International Relations from Central European University, and a B.A. in Oriental Studies from Alexandria University.
The collision between Iraqi paramilitaries allied with Iran and the Sadrist current risks fueling tribal conflicts in southern Iraq and in other parts of the country.
Paramilitary surrogates are popping up in Iraq with strong links to existing militant networks. The application Telegram has been crucial in fostering new paramilitary identities.
Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi is likely heading toward a confrontation with the Iran-backed paramilitaries, which could threaten his fledgling coalition.
Despite economic obstacles facing the two countries, Turkey and Iran strive to cement economic relations and maintain their multifaceted relations.
Water scarcity in Iran threatens not just its agricultural self-sufficiency but may also strain its energy exports in the long term, two sectors it hopes to rely on to weather new economic sanctions.
Its economic future in question, Tehran is looking to maintain and increase its influence in Iraq by investing in schemes and projects linked with loyal paramilitary forces.
Socioeconomic changes have driven the spread of protests across Iran, particularly to provinces facing greater economic inequality.
Escalating tensions surrounding the Kurdish independence referendum are encouraging Iran to accelerate efforts to diversify trade to Iraq.
The gulf crisis could provide Iran a major opening to expand its economic, geopolitical, and diplomatic presence in the region.
Iran’s weak economic recovery eroded Rouhani’s voter base, but municipal victories for his reformist and centrist allies may help his agenda and boost chances for future electoral victories.