The Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS) is an initiative to develop policy tools, build civilian and military expertise in defense affairs, and enable civil-military dialogue. It aims to foster civilian oversight of defense sectors in Arab states, and to support the modernization and professionalization of Arab armed forces. Key stakeholders include defense sectors, academic networks, civil society and research organizations, government officials, the media, and parliamentarians.
IMF proposals and Egyptian government initiatives offer an opportunity to bring the country's powerful military-owned companies under consolidated ownership and regulatory frameworks, mitigating their adverse impacts on economic output, public finances, and private sector development.
For Egypt to deliver on its economic projects, the tentacles of military retirees in the state bureaucracy must be cut.
Three targeted recommendations would help transform the military economy in Egypt.
Egyptian military agencies and companies provide significant economic benefits, but both their achievements and their shortcomings point to the need to reconsider their business model and role in the civilian economy.
There are three major reasons why Egypt should review the large role its military plays in the economy.
Protesters in Sudan and external supporters of the country’s democratic transition should move beyond preserving the status quo to reset the balance between the civilian and military authorities.
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