Conflict and Refugees

The Triggers of Return Project conducted by the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center in 2016–2018 aims to improve the understanding of Syrian refugees’ predicament, and to uncover the political, social, and economic conditions that would trigger their voluntary return. The project’s strategic goal is to inform policymakers of the linkages between triggers for return and a potential political settlement to end the Syrian conflict.

This project was made possible with the generous support of the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (UKFCO) and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA).

The evolving conflicts in the Arab region have been the cause for the world’s largest waves of migration and displacement since World War II. Carnegie scholars in Beirut, Brussels and Washington unpack the consequences of the refugee crises on Europe, and their implications (the Syrian refugee crisis in particular) on the politics, economy and security of the Middle East.

Carnegie Experts on
Conflict and Refugees

  • expert thumbnail - Lehne
    Stefan Lehne
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe
    Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.
  • expert thumbnail - Pierini
    Marc Pierini
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe
    Pierini is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on developments in the Middle East and Turkey from a European perspective.
  • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
    Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Fellow
    Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
    Yezid Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where he leads the program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS). His work focuses on the comparative political and economic roles of Arab armed forces and nonstate actors, the impact of war on states and societies, and the politics of postconflict reconstruction and security sector transformation in Arab transitions, and authoritarian resurgence.
  • expert thumbnail - Yahya
    Maha Yahya
    Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
    Yahya is director of the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.
  • expert thumbnail - Youngs
    Richard Youngs
    Senior Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Richard Youngs is a senior fellow in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, based at Carnegie Europe. He works on EU foreign policy and on issues of international democracy.

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