Following the end of the fighting in Syria, displaced refugees will require four things before they return home.
Under increasing financial pressure, states hosting Syrian refugees are pressuring them to return whether conditions in Syria are safe or not.
In an interview, Kheder Khaddour discusses his recent paper on how the situation in eastern Syria will impact refugees.
The Afrin operation is the result of a Russian-Turkish land swap, whose long-term repercussions will be significant.
The Islamic State’s defeat in Syria will not automatically bring displaced people home. A broader political settlement that reflects regional and national realities will be required.
A regular survey of experts on matters relating to Middle Eastern and North African politics and security.