The Syrian civil war has reshaped Sunni Islamic identity in the country. As a result, the regime will struggle to use religion to enhance its own power and legitimacy.
Although local clerics have helped the Syrian state reassert control, the regime is centralizing religious authority away from communities. Their future relationship is hard to predict.
The Syrian regime is allowing the religious domain to grow, but only within the patrimonial environment the state created.
The Houthis have continually exploited different identities to gain power. Will a political compromise hand them their next identity—as an official authority in Yemen?
Though the Muslim Brotherhood and Iran share ideological commonalities and points of political convergence, several impediments stand in the way of deeper ties between them.
Iraq’s Sunni community is currently facing a crisis of authority and identity.
Despite nearly five years of repression, the Muslim Brotherhood has proven resilient. The group may yet eat away at the Egyptian regime's legitimacy and even its stability.
In the face of poor election results for the last five years, Bahrain’s Sunni Islamists have fallen back on the loyalism and political quiescence common to oil-rich states.
Declining economic conditions are a chief concern of citizens in the Middle East. Thus, the future of Salafi parties is ultimately tied to the success of their economic proposals.
Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood embraced neoliberalism before the 2011 Arab Spring and doomed its time in power from the start.