The discovery of hydrocarbons in the Eastern Mediterranean has raised tensions in the region. Europe must act to to prevent an actual war from breaking out between Greece and Turkey.
Turkey’s misguided economic policies and slide toward autocracy have exacerbated the country’s relationship with the West. Meanwhile, Ankara’s bipolar foreign policy largely escapes Western leaders and analysts.
Turkish influence is increasing in Lebanon, where many Sunnis are looking for a regional patron.
In an interview, Soli Özel explains the multifaceted nature of Turkey’s ambitions in the Middle East and North Africa.
The Syrian-Turkish border has also allowed Turkey to play a greater role in Syria, fulfilling Turkish regional ambitions while also generating economic activity ensuring that internally displaced Syrian refugees remain inside Syria.
Egyptian and Turkish military businesses have used their institutional privileges to dominate their respective economies, but they have key differences. Turkey’s military businesses are centrally managed while Egypt’s use multiple complex conglomerates.
Faced with no shortage of domestic challenges, Erdogan is expanding Turkey’s role in the Eastern Mediterranean—and antagonizing Europe in turn.
Ankara is pushing problematic policies as its president’s political survival is hitting up against economic imperatives.
Istanbul has become a refuge for many Arab communities, but the city’s cosmopolitan ways are also changing them.
The dramatic escalation in the governorate may hide a high-risk Russian negotiation tactic.