At the beginning of the second decade of the twentieth century, the Arab world faces a number of significant political, economic, cultural, and social challenges that must be overcome.
The economic and social conditions of Egypt’s youth require the government to take concrete actions to reform the education, labor, and credit markets.
While the National Democratic Party was able to manipulate the parliamentary elections in order to secure victory for their candidates, they have not managed to guarantee Gamal Mubarak’s succession in the upcoming presidential elections.
While almost every economy in the Middle East and North Africa region is projected to accelerate in 2011-2012, significant downside risks to this forecast remain.
It is increasingly clear that reform in the Arab world depends less on the structure of formal political processes and institutions than on power relations among factions within Arab nations.
Egypt’s recent parliamentary elections created a host of problems for the ruling party, not the least of which is that they drained nearly all remaining credibility from the country's electoral system.
The lengthy list of violations observed in the recent Egyptian parliamentary elections limits the integrity, transparency, and competitiveness of the elections and undermines the promises of the ruling establishment to hold free and pluralistic elections.
The recent election of Osama Nujeifi as speaker of the Iraqi parliament was the first step toward ending an eight-month political deadlock, but Nujeifi’s well-known opposition to Kurdish nationalist claims could alienate Kurdish politicians.
The lack of transparency and the presence of widespread irregularities in the voting and counting process have given Egypt’s parliamentary elections little credibility among both international and domestic observers.
The irregularities observed before and during the parliamentary elections indicate that President Mubarak’s government remains resistant to domestic and international calls for reform.