New democracies in the Arab world will have to commit to comprehensive education reform, since educated citizens are necessary for the successful consolidation of political democracy and economic liberalization.
For Egyptians, the insistence on trying Mubarak in Egyptian courts serves several functions: it helps to maintain the revolution’s unity and can serve to goad the military leadership toward action on popular demands.
The coalition that underpins Iraq’s national unity government is showing increasing signs of strain, threatened by rising divisions among its parties, tension between the parliament and the executive, and competition between the central and regional governments.
In the wake of popular protests, Morocco has initiated a series of institutional reforms that will reduce the monarchy’s role in government and present the country’s political parties with the opportunity to form a viable and organized opposition.
The first six months of this year have not been easy for the Egyptian economy, and the situation is likely to worsen amid a drop in tourism revenues, low levels of domestic and foreign investments, and scarce employment opportunities in the formal private sector.
Rather than continuing with the reform rhetoric heard in many Arab countries, rulers who wish to remain in power must engage in serious, measurable, and inclusive efforts at real reform.
While Jordan's potential membership of the GCC seems comprehensible, the same rationale does not apply to the Moroccan case because of the country’s distant geographical location, its weak economic ties with the Gulf, and its 32-million population.
In the wake of the Arab Spring, some countries, like Egypt and Tunisia, are in the process of a real democratic transformation, while others, like Libya, Yemen, and Syria, are in deep crisis.
While Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood and its new Freedom and Justice Party have gone to lengths to clarify their stances on social issues and the relation between religion and the state, they must further clarify their relationship to each other and allow the party a sufficient level of independence.
Islamist parties in Egypt and Tunisia are emerging as powerful political players in each country’s transition. Upcoming elections in both countries and the performance of Islamist parties once they are in office will determine their future role in formal politics.