The lengthy list of violations observed in the recent Egyptian parliamentary elections limits the integrity, transparency, and competitiveness of the elections and undermines the promises of the ruling establishment to hold free and pluralistic elections.
The recent election of Osama Nujeifi as speaker of the Iraqi parliament was the first step toward ending an eight-month political deadlock, but Nujeifi’s well-known opposition to Kurdish nationalist claims could alienate Kurdish politicians.
The lack of transparency and the presence of widespread irregularities in the voting and counting process have given Egypt’s parliamentary elections little credibility among both international and domestic observers.
The irregularities observed before and during the parliamentary elections indicate that President Mubarak’s government remains resistant to domestic and international calls for reform.
Even though the Obama administration was unable to persuade President Mubarak to accept international election monitors, it is important to continue showing U.S. support for political reform and human rights in Egypt.
After years of political stagnation under the regime of President Hosni Mubarak, change may be coming to Egypt. With parliamentary elections slated for November 28 and presidential elections in 2011, Egyptians are beginning to think about the post-Mubarak era.
As voters prepare to head to the polls for parliamentary elections on November 28, the Egyptian government has tightened restrictions on independent media and civil society and has already disqualified one-quarter of the Muslim Brotherhood's candidates.
While the participation of both domestic monitors and international observers set a precedent for transparency in Jordan’s parliamentary elections, larger problems regarding electoral laws and accurate representation still persist.
The agreement signed on November 11, intended to pave the way for the formation of an Iraqi government, has already proven to be extremely fragile and there is a strong possibility that it may fail.
Given the overall political climate in Egypt and divisions within the Muslim Brotherhood, it seems likely that the Brotherhood will have a weaker showing in the upcoming elections than it did in 2005.