The lack of constitutional framework and governance in both the West Bank and Gaza prevents the reconstruction of the security sector in an efficient and democratic manner. This growing trend of authoritarianism threatens the ability to achieve Palestinian statehood.
Protest in Bahrain is not simply a domestic struggle for political rights and liberal reform; it is also a sectarian conflict between a Sunni monarchy in a majority-Shia country that is rapidly becoming part of a growing conflict between Saudi Arabia and the United States.
Iraq’s Sadrists have the opportunity to emerge as the winners of the current social unrest, given their control of key ministries within the new Iraqi government, their alliance with Prime Minister Maliki, and their prompt response to popular calls for better services.
As the wave of popular uprisings across the Arab world spreads to Yemen, the country’s security situation will continue to deteriorate unless a campaign of sweeping political reforms is initiated immediately.
Despite its annual economic growth, Syria’s poverty rate remains high. The Syrian government needs to enact further economic reforms in order to address some of the anger expressed by growing protests across the country.
Despite sporadic demonstrations and calls for change from prominent intellectuals and political figures, the widespread protests that brought down leaders in Tunisia and Egypt are still largely absent in Algeria.
Turmoil in the Middle East has injected huge uncertainty into oil markets. Could unrest spread to Saudi Arabia, Iran, or others in the region and disrupt oil supplies? What will be the consequences for the global recovery? What can policy makers do?
While those who voted against the recently passed constitutional amendments in Egypt may feel disheartened, they should continue to engage in political life in order to play a crucial role in enabling the transition to democracy to succeed.
Popular protests have spread across the Middle East and North Africa and have reached Iraq and Kurdistan. The political circumstances in these regions will determine whether the protests succeed in forcing the government to respond to the demands of its citizens.
After a momentous two months, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood must now decide how to organize a political party, direct its political participation, and handle the emergence of a group of activist youth leaders.