The Syrian Democratic People’s Party

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Syria Resources
The Syrian Democratic People’s Party (SDPP) is a socialist opposition party; it is part of the National Democratic Assembly and the Damascus Declaration bloc within the Syrian National Council.
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The Syrian Democratic People’s Party (SDPP) is a socialist opposition party; it is part of the National Democratic Assembly and the Damascus Declaration bloc within the Syrian National Council. The party calls for pluralist democracy, freedom, equality, and social justice. The SDPP is renowned for its hard-line stance against the regime and its historic alliances with Islamist groups.

Major Figures

Giath Uyoun al-Soud: secretary-general
Riad al-Turk: founder
George Sabra: member of the Executive Committee of the Syrian National Council (SNC)


Founded in 1973 by Riad al-Turk, the SDPP was originally known as the Syrian Communist Party (Political Bureau) until it changed its name in 2005 and abandoned Marxism-Leninism for social democracy. In 1979, it joined the National Democratic Assembly and since 2005 has been a leading member of the Damascus Declaration, an opposition coalition that played a key role in the formation of the Syrian National Council in October 2011.

Riad al-Turk is a prominent opposition leader and former political prisoner; he officially resigned from the SDPP in 2005 but still retains influence. George Sabra, a Christian SDPP member of the Executive Committee of the Syrian National Council, is emerging as a likely candidate to replace Burhan Ghalioun as the SNC’s president.


Policy Toward the Crisis

  • Calls for external military intervention
  • Calls for arming the opposition
  • Rejects dialogue with the regime
  • Supports the Annan peace plan

 Political Objectives

  • A secular parliamentary democracy
  • Free elections
  • A multiparty system
  • Freedom of assembly and speech
  • Equality between citizens regardless of sex, religion, race, and national or social descent
End of document
Source http://carnegie-mec.org

Syria in Crisis

Publication Resources

In Fact



of the Chinese general public

believe their country should share a global leadership role.


of Indian parliamentarians

have criminal cases pending against them.


charter schools in the United States

are linked to Turkey’s Gülen movement.


thousand tons of chemical weapons

are in North Korea’s possession.


of import tariffs

among Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru have been eliminated.


trillion a year

is unaccounted for in official Chinese income statistics.


of GDP in oil-exporting Arab countries

comes from the mining sector.


of Europeans and Turks

are opposed to intervention in Syria.


of Russian exports to China

are hydrocarbons; machinery accounts for less than 1%.


of undiscovered oil

is in the Arctic.


U.S. government shutdowns

occurred between 1976 and 1996.


of Ukrainians

want an “international economic union” with the EU.


million electric bicycles

are used in Chinese cities.


of the world’s energy supply

is consumed by cities.


of today’s oils

require unconventional extraction techniques.


of the world's population

will reside in cities by 2050.


of Syria’s population

is expected to be displaced by the end of 2013.


of the U.S. economy

is consumed by healthcare.


of Brazilian protesters

learned about a massive rally via Facebook or Twitter.


million cases pending

in India’s judicial system.

1 in 3


now needs urgent assistance.


political parties

contested India’s last national elections.


of Egypt's labor force

works in the private sector.


of oil consumed in the United States

is for the transportation sector.


of Chechnya’s pre-1994 population

has fled to different parts of the world.


of oil consumed in China

was from foreign sources in 2012.


billion in goods and services

traded between the United States and China in 2012.


billion in foreign investment and oil revenue

have been lost by Iran because of its nuclear program.


increase in China’s GDP per capita

between 1972 and today.


billion have been spent

to complete the Bushehr nuclear reactor in Iran.


of Iran’s electricity needs

is all the Bushehr nuclear reactor provides.



were imprisoned in Turkey as of August 2012 according to the OSCE.

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