The Lebanese Armed Forces, one of the few state institutions that is regarded by most citizens as trustworthy and legitimate, continues to reflect the communal and political cleavages of broader Lebanese society.
The measures that the European Union has taken towards the refugee crisis are mostly palliative, temporary fixes that leave the EU largely in a reactive mode.
Across the Middle East, large gender gaps exist in levels of political activity, voter turnout, and the likelihood of being elected.
Years of unrest in Egypt have possibly left the country in a worse position than it was before the Arab Spring.
As a number of countries in the Middle East and North Africa seek to meet their growing energy needs, they are forced to weigh the highly contested costs and benefits of nuclear power.
In the military’s view, Egypt has not met the fate of Syria or Libya, and that by itself is an accomplishment worth celebrating. Politics should and must wait.
The relationship between oil prices, investment and future supply is not so straightforward, and international organizations warn of a major price spike in the future.
The Egyptian president’s central role in economic policy making is unlikely to deliver on the intended goals and could exacerbate existing problems—or generate new ones.
With the war in Yemen having no clear goals, the various players in the country must invest in peace for the conflict to end.
As the anniversary of Egypt’s January 25th revolution approaches, the direction of the country remains uncertain.
Egypt’s newly seated parliament will likely be less about democracy and more about dividing up the spoils among the elites.
While privatizing Saudi Aramco makes considerable sense over the long run, it is unlikely that a large-scale IPO will happen, either now or in the next several years.
The future of Egypt and the Middle East remains uncertain years after the Arab Spring upended the political order of the region.
The recent Saudi execution of a prominent Shia cleric and the subsequent attack on their embassy in Iran has heightened tensions across the Gulf.
The self-proclaimed Islamic State’s takeover of Mosul in the summer of 2014 was a dark moment for Iraq’s military whose four well-armed divisions rapidly disintegrated.
The clash of visions over the Iraqi state’s identity, legitimacy, and ownership, long predating the U.S.-led invasion of the country in 2003, has been the root cause of political violence in postwar Arab Iraq.
The notion that Iran and Saudi Arabia are predestined for rivalry due to an ancient divide fails to account for domestic and regional trends that may be out of their control.
The United States has significant leverage over Saudi Arabia; it just needs the political will to use it.
The implications of the Saudi sectarian escalation for the region’s high politics are likely overstated, but the new forces unleashed by the Arab uprising may make it far more difficult to deescalate these sectarian passions than it has been to inflame them.
The issue of unifying Kurdish military forces has been on the Kurdish region’s public agenda since 1991. Seventeen years later, the various peshmerga forces remain divided along partisan lines.
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