The focus on security and economic benefits at the expense of reform has contributed either to sustaining autocratic regimes or, ironically, to increasing instability across the Middle East.
In order to put an end to current hostilities in the Arab world, a national, regional, and international consensus is required.
Long before a final Iran nuclear agreement was on the horizon, plans have been afoot to generalize the hoped-for results of diplomacy far beyond the borders of the Islamic Republic.
Gaps in the international coalition’s approach as well as deep sectarian divisions in Iraq and the shifting strategies of the Syrian regime and its allies are allowing the Islamic State to continue to exist and expand.
As long as the Syrian conflict drags on, the self-proclaimed Islamic State will remain a reality and attract more sympathizers around the world.
Through its pragmatic foreign policy, the leadership of the Kurdistan region has won trust in Washington and other capitals.
A year after declaring a “caliphate,” self-proclaimed Islamic State fighters are claiming attacks in Kuwait and Tunisia.
Twenty-three years after its civil war, Algeria is once again caught between a patriarchal state and an Islamist revival.
After 18 months of negotiations, one of the remaining challenges to reaching a nuclear deal with Iran is the extent to which Tehran must “come clean” about the history of its nuclear program and, in particular, about apparent efforts to design a nuclear weapon.
Any changes to the map of Syria’s conflict in the rest of 2015 will almost certainly occur in its “shatterbelt:” those areas caught between the regime, armed opposition, and self-proclaimed Islamic State.
Amidst concern over human rights abuses, President Barack Obama’s administration has requested $1.5 billion in foreign aid, almost entirely for military assistance, for Egypt this coming year.
Libya and Yemen will not reemerge as sovereign states without resolving fundamental struggles over the purpose and form of their security sectors.
The prospect of a coalition government offers Turkey an opportunity to overhaul its political culture and inch the country toward becoming a genuinely liberal democracy.
As Tehran and Washington inch towards a nuclear deal, there will be room for expansive engagement between India and Iran.
Many Islamic scholars say the so-called Islamic State has diverged from classical Sunnism, but the lack of a central voice, a decline in Islamic education, and attempts by states to influence religious thought have hampered the development of a strong counter-narrative.
With the Turkish electorate overwhelmingly rejecting Erdogan’s hyperpresidential style of politics, is it safe to say that Turkey is moving closer to the European Union?
Not only Russia, but also the entire world might face a dilemma: Choosing between a very sinister authoritarian regime and the Islamic State.
Tunisia may be the exemplar for democratic transition in the Arab world. But if longstanding grievances continue to go unaddressed, worsening societal fractures will derail the country's fragile political transition.
The celebration of Tunisia as a success story contributes to obfuscating the reality of the social grievances and frustration toward political elites in the country.
Since the 2011 uprisings across the Middle East, each year has proven more challenging than the last. With conflicts spreading across the region, 2015 will follow a similar pattern.
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