For the Assad regime, the strategic aim of continued violence is to secure the economic and financial assets it will need in order to survive the transition from war to peace.
Thanks to the Algerian military's experience in fighting armed Islamist groups during the Algerian civil war, it has stopped ISIS from establishing a foothold in the country.
The states of the Arab Gulf have been defined by their unique combination of economic generosity and political parsimony—a system preserved by vast resource wealth and traditional institutions of governance that have managed to retain a preponderance of legitimacy.
Different political, tribal, and governmental actors are seeking more power and influence through their involvement in the battle for Mosul.
Turkey's perception of the Kurdish groups in northern Syria as an existential threat has been the driving force for its increased military involvement in Syria.
Supporting Arab autocrats may produce some short-term gains, but at the price of long-term disaster.
Despite a new IMF deal, Egypt’s economy still has a number of structural reforms that need to be dealt with.
Moscow’s relations with Tehran are currently much more cooperative than competitive, although the two countries’ foreign policy goals don’t always align.
Egypt is in a different league than its neighbors in the Eastern Mediterranean when it comes to oil and gas exploration.
In Libya, the struggle to root out the Islamic State goes beyond the battlefield to the broken state left behind by Muammar Qaddafi and the lack of international support following the 2011 uprising.
Iraqi security agencies must adjust to the Islamic State's new tactics of targeting civilian centers in major cities.
The shortcomings that characterized Egypt’s economy before the 2011 uprising remain in place. Until they are addressed, renewed political volatility remains possible.
Assad’s campaign to reconquer Aleppo could have disastrous humanitarian consequences as well as broad effects on the political and military standing of the rebellion.
Syria's coastal region, although perceived as an island outside of the conflict, has also been affected in a number of ways by the country's protracted civil war.
Although not new, the threat of lone wolf terrorists is a growing phenomenon.
Five years into the civil war in Syria, the effects have been felt globally and few paths toward peace appear viable.
Egypt’s economic crisis deprives the regime of the financial and economic resources needed to sustain a solid social base among public sector employees, and hence hinders the consolidation of authoritarian rule.
While Tunisia is often and rightly lauded for its progress, social inequality and regional asymmetries are undermining the country’s democratic transition.
The conflict in Syria is a complex one with different world powers and the Syrian opposition playing different roles that have changed over time.
Incremental practical steps and confidence-building measures offer the best hope for progress toward the creation of a weapons of mass destruction–free zone in the Middle East.