While desertions have contributed to the emergence of an armed rebellion since early fall 2011, they have failed to critically weaken the Syrian regime’s army.
Arab states can no longer be reconstructed according to past blueprints, even when powerful external actors attempt to restore them.
Peaceful Salafi political parties are losing strength in Egypt and Tunisia while the popularity of Salafi-jihadi movements aiming to build an Islamic state by force is increasing.
The refugee tragedy is a symptom of a wider political crisis. Finding adequate solutions for the refugees and internally displaced populations is primarily a political imperative, but it is also a development challenge that is essential for political stabilization, societal reconciliation, and peace building.
Algeria has assets that could enable it to become North Africa’s regional power but it must overcome its socioeconomic woes to realize its full potential.
Jordan’s Hirak grassroots movement of 2011-2013, recognized as a social and political protest movement born out of discontent in the East Bank hinterlands, has reflected the country’s rising political contention.
The Syrian capital’s military housing has helped cement bonds between army officers, which has buoyed the Assad regime during the current crisis.
Although legislation has been passed creating equality between the sexes in the Algerian military, women still have a long road ahead to gain full equality.
Iraqi Kurdistan’s budding democracy faces tough challenges as the region remains politically divided and President Masoud Barzani continues to remain in power despite protests.
Given today’s oil prices and increasing competition from more accessible sources, large-scale extraction of oil and gas in the Arctic could be decades away.
For Tunisians, winning the Nobel Prize evoked a great sense of pride, but it also stirred up profound concerns about the fate of their budding political transition.
Five years after the start of a wave of protests that rocked the Arab world, Arabs and non-Arabs alike are struggling to comprehend the bitter harvest of the political uprisings.
The Arab World now stands at a crossroads where it could head toward a more pluralistic society or toward more extremism and violence.
The Saudi-led military campaign in Yemen has led to the rise of extremist groups which could threaten both regional and international security if ignored by world powers.
Egypt could be facing a dangerous Islamist insurgency unless the state formulates proper strategies to tackle the fragmented Islamist political scene.
The Russian military intervention in Syria has generated considerable confusion among foreign governments opposed to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s continued rule over the country.
The Tunisian government and other political and religious actors need to work together on a de-radicalization strategy that brings reform to both the political and the religious spheres.
Shoring up the Assad regime and killing jihadi fighters are not the only objectives that Russia is pursuing in Syria. Moscow’s intervention is as much about Washington as it is about the Islamic State.
With no solution to the Syria crisis in sight, it is time to resort to what has worked in other seemingly unsolvable crises: the P5+1 mechanism.
Moscow is likely to come to grips with the idea that a political solution for the Syrian conflict would include a post-Assad Syria. But the real question may be whether outside players can join diplomatic forces with Moscow to finally end the crisis.
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